Demographics

As of 2001 India census, Sulur had a population of 24,359 - Though this census is considered inaccurate. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Sulur has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. Male literacy is 83%, and female literacy is 72%. 9% of the population in Sulur are children below the age of 6 years.

Etymology

Sulur was called Suralur until the ninth century and from the ninth century to fourteenth century it was called Ariyapirati Nallur, during the regime of Aditya Cholan. Until the eighteenth century it was called Sundrapandiya Nallur, during the regime of Sundra Pandiyan. From eighteenth century it was called Suranur, which in due course got transformed to Sulur. There are several theories for this name; it may be for a type of SugarcaneSural, or for a previous ruler, Suranoor.


Geography

Sulur is located at 11.03°N 77.13°E. It has an average elevation of 340 metres (1115 feet). Sulur is regarded as a pleasant town situated very close to the cities of Coimbatore (19 km) and Tirupur (35 km). Thus it is a popular location for various textile mills and weaving slots. Near to Sulur there is a railway station and an Air Force base. The twin lakes to the north of the town, bounding the Coimbatore-Nagapattinam highway adds a scenic view to the town. The town is divided into two parts by the holy Noyyal River. Sulur is the East-end of the new Coimbatore district.


History

The history of Sulur dates back to around 2300 years ago; ancient coins dating back to third century BC have been found at Sulur. During the ninth century AD, Aditya Cholanintroduced agriculture in Sulur. The Sulur Reservoir was constructed during the reign of Adithya Chola. The Sulur pond was reconstructed in thirteenth century AD during the rule of Sundra Pandian. The Megalithic pottery[sulur dish] dating back to first century has been found in archeological digs at sulur and is currently in display at the British Museum, London(No:1935.4-19.15). The inscriptions on the pottery might even be from the harappa civilization.During Vijanagara Period most of Kannada and Telugu people settled in sulur.

Education

Sulur is very rich with respect to Education. There are several Educational Institutions in and around Sulur which nourishes the knowledge base of Coimbatore District as a whole. Few of them are:

  • C.S.I Elementary School (Formerly London Mission School) - 1913
  • Govt Boys Higher Secondary School
  • Govt Girls Higher Secondary School
  • Kennedy Matriculation Higher Secondary School
  • Kalaivani Matriculation School
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, Air Force Station, Sulur
  • RVS Matriculation Higher secondary School
  • Michael Job Matriculation School
  • Kovai Maruthamali Matriculation School
  • Kids Club (Kindergarten/Primary) school
  • Fun Kids Play Centre for Kids
  • Central School Sulur

The Govt Boys Higher Secondary School was established in 1889 as Thiruvengadanathar Upper Primary School. Over many years, the school has grown to the status of a higher secondary school. Its chronological progress is listed below:

  • April 1925 - Taluk Board Higher Elementary School,
  • June 1926 - Zilla Board Middle School
  • June 1938 - Union, Kalagam)Board Secondary School
  • July 1962 - (Union, Kalagam)Board Boys Secondary School
  • January 1966 - Govt Boys Secondary School
  • July 1978 - Govt Boys Higher Secondary School.

The Girls high school started in July 1962 with 224 students. Its inauguration was attended by the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Mr. Bhaktavasalam.

Many colleges in Sulur are run by the RVS group (Rathnavel Subramaniam group).